فرنش ستريت هو مبنى تجارى يقع فى مدينة لندن واكتسب اسم فرنش ستريت لى ارتباطه بالتاريخ المنطقة المالية
المبنى ملقب او معروف بى الواكى تاكى نكايتاً لشكل المبنى الخارجى
استكمل بناء البرج فى ربيع 2014 وتم فتح الحديقة الواقعة فى الطابق العلوى فى يناير 2015
يحتوى المبنى على 34 ويبلغ ارتفاعه 525 قدم ليكون سادس أطول بناية فى مدينة لندن و12 على العالم
تصميم المبنى من المهندس رافاييل فينولى بكلفة مئتين مليون إسترليني
فى عام 2005 المبنى تحصل على جائزة اسوء وأقبح مبنى نظرا لى الراى العام حيث انه لم يعطى اى إيجابية للجمهور
20 Fenchurch Street is a commercial skyscraper in London that takes its name from its address on Fenchurch Street, in the historic City of London financial district. It has been nicknamed ‘The Walkie-Talkie’ because of its distinctive shape. Construction was completed in spring 2014, and the top-floor ‘sky garden’ was opened in January 2015. The 34-storey building is 160 m (525 ft) tall, making it the sixth-tallest building in the City of London and the 12th tallest in London.
Designed by architect Rafael Viñoly and costing over £200 million, 20 Fenchurch Street features a highly distinctive top-heavy form which appears to burst upward and outward. A large viewing deck, bar and restaurants are included on the top three floors; these are, with restrictions, open to the public.
The tower was originally proposed at nearly 200 m (656 ft) tall but its design was scaled down after concerns about its visual impact on the nearby St Paul’s Cathedral and Tower of London. It was subsequently approved in 2006 with the revised height. Even after the height reduction there were continued concerns from heritage groups about its impact on the surrounding area. The project was consequently the subject of a public inquiry; in 2007 this ruled in the developers’ favour and the building was granted full planning permission.In 2015 it was awarded the Carbuncle Cup for the worst new building in the UK in the previous 12 months.(ref.Wiki)
تقع حديقة السماء فى الطابق 35,36,37 تقدم فضل منظر ومشهد لى مدينة لندن الزيارة مجانية لكن نظرا لى توافد الزوار بكترة يفضّل الحجز المسبق
The top of the tower is the sky garden, set over floors 35, 36 and 37, offering uninterrupted views across London, completely free to the public to frolic and roam around. The catch? Due to a high number of expected visitors bookings are encouraged be made far in advance.
20 Fenchurch Street marked Canary Wharf Group’s first foray into development in The City of London, outside of its Isle of Dogs stomping ground. The Walkie Talkie was developed alongside Land Securities and backed by sovereign wealth from China and Qatar. Together they saved the building from its credit crunch doldrums, but substantially altered the development, simplifying the complex cladding and making the sky gardens more of a glorified bush in the sky.(ref,inside-London)
The building won the Carbuncle Cup in 2015, awarded by Building Design magazine to the worst new building in the UK during the previous year. The chairman of the jury that decided the prize, Thomas Lane, said “it is a challenge finding anyone who has something positive to say about this building”, whilst a town planner at the nearby Royal Town Planning Institute described the building as “a daily reminder never to let such a planning disaster ever happen again.”
سبب انعكاس الضوء على ذوبان بعض السيارات مما اتر فى الناس المارة الصورة توضح مدى قوة انعكاس الضوء وشدة الحرارة تكفى لتسلق بيض كما هو موضح فى الصورة
The sun-facing side of the building acts as a mirror as the concave surface focuses all light on a single spot on the ground. Skyscraper? On reflection it’s more like a 37-storey barbecue: the city tower that can melt cars. Every day City hedgefunders race along the pavement to avoid being toasted. Even on a relatively cloudy day it was possible to fry an egg on the pavement underneath the Walkie Talkie Tower.